Guru Gobind Singh (05 January 1666, 8th October 1708)
After the death of Guru Gobind Singh’s father, Guru Teg Bahadur, he became a teacher on 11 November 1675. He was a great warrior, a famous poet, patriot, and spiritual leader. In 1699, he founded Khalsa Panth on Baisakhi which is considered to be the most important event in the history of the Sikhs.
Birth of Guru Gobind Singh
Guru Gobind Singh Ji was born on 05 January 1666 in Patna (Bihar), home of Guru Teg Bahadur and Mata Gujri, the ninth Sikh Guru. When he was born, his father went to the teachings of religion in Assam. Guru Gobind Singh’s childhood name was Govind Rai. The place where he was born in Patna and where he had spent four years of his childhood, is now situated at the place of Takhat Shri Patna Sahib.
In 1670, his family returned to Punjab once again. In March 1672, his family came to the place named Chakk Nanaki in the Shiwalik hills situated in the Himalayas. This is where his early education started. He learned Persian, Sanskrit and learned military skills to become a skilled warrior. Chak Nanki is now known as Anandpur Sahib.
Govind Rai distributed daily spiritual joy in Anandpur Sahib, offering a message of morality, fearlessness and spiritual awakening in human form. Anandpur really was Anandhandham. All the people living here used to acquire supernatural knowledge of equality, equality, and harmony without discrimination of color, caste, sect. Govinda was rich in peace, forgiveness, tolerance and calm personality.
On 11 November 1675, Aurangzeb publicly cut the head of his father Guru Tegh Bahadur at Chandni Chowk in Delhi due to the forced conversion of Kashmiri Pandits to a Muslim by making a change of religion and not accepting Islam himself. After this, on 29 March 1676, on the day of Vaisakhi, Govind Singh was declared the tenth Guru of the Sikhs.
Your education continued even after becoming the 10th Sikh Guru. Education included writing-reading, horse riding, and brooding etc. Kriya was involved. He made Chandi the war that was composed in 1684. You stayed in a place named Paonta on the banks of Yamuna River till 1685.
They had three wives. At the age of 10, he was married on June 21, 1677, in the Basantgarh salt spot, a few kilometers away from Anandpur with mother Zito. The three sons of them were Jujhar Singh, Zora Singh, Fateh Singh. On June 21, 1677, at the age of 17, his second marriage took place in Anandpur with Mother Sundari. He had a son Ajit Singh. On April 15, 1700, he married Mata Sahib Devan in 33 years.
Leaving Anandpur Sahib and coming back on the same
In April 1685, on the invitation of Raja Raj Prakash of Sirmaur, Guru Gobind Singh transferred his residence to the city of Paapata in Sirmaur state. According to the kingdom of Sirmaur, due to differences with Raja Bhim Chand, he was forced to leave Anandpur Sahib and after that, he went to the town of Toka from there. Prakash invites Guruji
from Toka to Sirmaur’s capital, Nahan and invited him. After that, he passed out from Nahan and left. Opposite Prakash invited Guruji with the purpose of strengthening his position against King Fateh Shah of Garhwal. On the request of Raja Prakash Prakash, Guru Ji made a fort in the short run in Panama with the help of his followers. Guru Ji remained in Panetta for three years and composed many texts.
In the battle of Nadun in 1687, Guru Gobind Singh, Bhima Chand, and other Allied forces defeated the forces of Alif Khan and his allies. According to the bizarre drama and Bhatt Vanish, Guru Gobind Singh remained on the banks of the river Dyaas on Nadon for eight days and visited all the military chiefs.
Shortly after the battle of Bhangani, Rani Chandra requested Guru ji to return to Anandpur Sahib, which Guru accepted. He reached Anandpur Sahib in November 1688.
Dilawar Khan (Mughal chief of Lahore) sent his son Hussain Khan to attack Anandpur in 1695. In that Mughal army was defeated and Hussein Khan was also killed. After the death of Dilawar Khan Hussain, he sent his men to Jujhar Hada and Chandel Rai to Shivalik. At that time he had lost to Jajwala of Gaj Singh. This event became the cause of concern for Mughal emperor Aurangzeb To restore authority, sent an army with his son.
Composition of Khalsa
Amrit Sanskar ceremony was organized in a Diwan in Anandpur. The master pulled out the sword and said, “I want a head, is there someone who can offer me?”
This most unusual call created some horror in the gathering and all the people were stunned. There was a silent and dead silence. Then the master called his second call. At that time no one came forward. There was still four more silence. On the third call, a Khatri Daya Ram from Lahore said, “O true king, my head is in your service.”
The Guru caught Dya Ram from the arm and took him inside a tent. A shock and thunderstruck. Then the master, with his sword, blew the blood, came out and said, “I want another head, is there someone who can offer?” On the third call again, a Jat Dharam Das of Delhi came forward and said, “O true king! My head is at your disposal.”
The master took Dharma Das inside the tent, again a shock and thunderstruck, and he got out of the blood with his sword and repeated, “I want another head, is there a lovely Sikh who can present it? ”
On this, some people of the Assembly commented that the Guru has lost all the reasons and went to complain to his mother.
A Calico Pradhan / Tailor Mohkam Chand of Dwarka (west coast of India) presented himself as a sacrifice. The master took him inside the tent and passed through the same process. When he came outside and then he made a call for the fourth head. The Sikh started thinking that he was going to kill them all.
Some of them fled and the others hung their heads down in disbelief. Jodan Nath Puri’s cook Himmat Chand presented himself as the fourth sacrifice. Then the master called the last for the fifth and fifth head. A Panahi Sahib Chand came in Bidar (in Central India) and the Guru took him inside the tent. A shock and thunderstruck.
Last time he was in the tent for a long time. People started breathing for relief. He thought that the guru has “realized his mistake” and now he has stopped.
While grappling with a killer, Guru Gobind Singh ji suffered a deep injury and heart attack in the chest. Which led to his death on October 18, 1708, at Nanded at the age of 42.